Lymphoma Cancer Causes

Like many types of cancers, the medical causes of lymphoma cancer are currently unknown. With that being said, doctors have at least managed to compile a list of risk factors that they believe impact the condition.

Unfortunately, the majority of these risk factors cannot be influenced. Most are based on genetics and for that reason it appears almost impossible to help prevent lymphoma cancer.


Doctors believe that age is a big factor in causing lymphoma cancer. It is a well documented fact that the cancer can develop in people of all ages, with children still at risk from the condition. However, statistics indicate that it is actually older people who are more at risk, with the over 60s in particular more likely to develop the cancer. In fact, the statistics highlight that there is a huge jump in cases for the older generations. There are 2.4 cases per 100,000 people in the 20-24 age group, while there are alarmingly 46 cases per 100,000 in the 60-64 category.

It is worth mentioning that in the case of children, many only develop the cancer due to pre-existing conditions that have already affected the immune system.

HIV and AIDS Sufferers

There is a correlation between those sufferers with HIV and AIDS, and those who contract lymphoma cancer. This appears logical, seeing as both of the two infections attack the immune system. There is such a great correlation between the conditions that experts name those HIV/AIDS patients with lymphoma cancer as AIDS-related lymphoma sufferers. Some see this as a strange move, seeing the cancer is still exactly the same. However, experts defend their decision, stating that those who have both conditions require much more specialist attention.

Similarly, any other conditions that compromise the immune system will increase the risk of lymphoma cancer. Other examples could be hepatitis C or hepatitis B.

A Family History of Lymphoma

Like many conditions, some people will contract lymphoma cancer due to a genetic history. However, experts believe that there is not sufficient evidence to declare this as a major risk factor and while it may contribute to some cases, people should not worry if there has been a history of lymphoma cancer in the family.

Exposure to Chemicals

This is one of the few major external risk factors linked to lymphoma cancer. There is currently significant research being conducted regarding several chemicals and their possible relation with lymphoma cancer. Solvents, pesticides and herbicides are all being investigated and this had led experts to believe that many farmers are at risk due to their exposure to two of the mentioned chemicals. Perhaps a more bizarre risk factor is hair dye although fortunately, it appears modern dyes are safe to use and only those manufactured before 1980 will put people at risk.

In conclusion, it is evident that the majority of risk factors for lymphoma cancer are genetically based and there are very few external ones. With that being said, the research into various chemicals should be monitored closely as this appears to be one external risk factor that could be a direct cause of the condition. This could prompt the advice that the use of solvents, pesticides and herbicides should be discouraged.

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