Lymphoma cancer has established itself as one of the most common types of cancer. While the name may not be familiar to some, the cancer affects cells of the lymphatic system – a network also known as the immune system.
The cancer has been separated into two different types; non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphoma. It is crucial to determine the type of lymphoma that a patient is suffering from as there are different treatment methods available for both. However, it takes a microscopic analysis to distinguish which is prevalent, as experts have to determine which type of cells are affected before confirming the next course of action.
Symptoms of Lymphoma Cancer
Unfortunately, lymphoma cancer is a condition where the symptoms can usually mimic those from common conditions such as colds and the flu. Bearing this in mind, it will not be a surprise to see several of the following symptoms on the list below:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Constant fevers
- Changes in skin complexion
- Lower back pain
- Unexpected weight loss
Issues that can Cause Lymphoma Cancer
Despite extensive research on the subject, experts have struggled to discover exact reasons that cause lymphoma cancer. However, through statistics they have at least been able to distinguish various risk factors that appear to impact the condition:
- Current HIV/AIDS sufferers
- A family history of the cancer
- Exposure to chemicals
How Lymphoma Cancer is Diagnosed
Doctors hold many options in diagnosing lymphoma cancer, although a biopsy is the only procedure which can definitely confirm the existence of the cancer. Other avenues that doctors look to take include:
- Blood tests
- Imaging methods such as x-rays and CT scans
- Taking bone marrow samples
- Physical examinations
The Chances of Surviving Lymphoma Cancer
Fortunately, the chances of surviving lymphoma cancer are still relatively high. While everything depends on the full diagnosis of the patient, those who are in the early stages of it are thought to have about a 90% chance of surviving, with this dropping steadily as the condition progresses.
However, while the overall survival rates appear high, those patients who are slightly older have significantly worse statistics. For example, those people suffering from Hodgkin's lymphoma aged over 70 are 60% less likely to beat the disease than those aged 15-49.
A Summary on Lymphoma Cancer
To conclude, lymphoma cancer has quickly become one of the most common cancers in the world. Despite this, the condition has many treatment options available and in comparison to other cancers, the survival rates are very high.
What's more, sufferers of the condition have plenty of support available to them. In the UK, an organisation named The Lymphoma Association exists and they aim to provide help and support to patients and families of the cancer. Similarly, there is also a worldwide association named the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society who again looks to provide the necessary support framework to victims of the condition.
The above two organisations are also continuing to explore methods to increase the awareness of lymphoma cancer. With the cancer becoming so common now, this is undoubtedly a practice that should be encouraged.